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Children should be encouraged to blend the sounds to read them. First say each individual sound and then say them quickly together, so that they ‘blend’ to make/say the word.  Encourage this when children are stuck on words in their reading book that can be sounded out.  We use the ‘pure sounds’.  If you are not sure of these there is a Powerpoint Presentation that gives you the sounds.

Play games using real and made up words, you could use magnetic letters to do this or write the words down. 


VC words (these have 2 sounds in them): i s, i ck , a t , a ff


CVC words (these have 3 sounds in them, sometimes they will be made up with more than 3 letters):  s a tg a t , s o ck , b o ck

Using any of these sounds: s a t p i n m d g o c k ck e u r h b f ff l ll ss

CCVC & CVCC use the same activities and letters above and including the following sounds: j v w x y z zz qu ch sh th ng

th i ngj i ng , sh u t , f i ch

Long Vowel Sounds

The same activities as above can be used to support learning how to say and blend these sounds too.

ai ee igh oa oo oar or ur ure er ow oi ear air

ch air, z airp ure , w oo d , m oo n



Children should be encouraged to segment the sounds in words to spell them, say the word and then break it down into each sound to write/spell the word.  You can do this with magnetic letters or writing them down.  Again you can encourage your child to have a go at writing real and made up words.

Examples of the letters and sounds they are working on can be found in the reading section.

Keep activities short and as much fun as possible.  If your child is feeling tired or is not very well focussed, leave it and come back to it at another time.